Monthly Archives: August 2017

Types of Law

This article briefly lists the types of law:

Admiralty Law: The Admiralty Law is also known as Maritime Law and governs all U.S. All countries have maritime laws and they are responsible for their vessels regardless of which ocean they are sailing in. Admiralty Law Attorneys represent cases of all matters concerning cargo disputes, oil pollution, fishing regulations, international trade, cargo and injury that takes place on docks and vessels. Admiralty Law Attorneys also offer advice on trade laws, legal matters concerning environmental groups and the protection of endangered species. Admiralty Law also covers freight and passenger liabilities.

Aviation Law: Laws have been instituted by state and federal governments to enhance safety in air traffic. Aviation Laws in the United States govern aircraft operations and the maintenance of aircraft facilities.

Bankruptcy Law: When an individual or a company files for relief of debt, it is termed as Bankruptcy. In the United States, there are specific courts that handle bankruptcy rulings and specialty attorneys who handle these cases. A fundamental goal of the federal bankruptcy laws enacted by Congress is to give debtors a financial “fresh start” from burdensome debts.

Civil Rights: A Civil Rights Attorney has the responsibility of defending the rights and privileges granted to all United States citizens. These include freedom from slavery, freedom to vote, freedom of assembly, freedom of the press, freedom of speech and the right to be treated fairly in public places.

Consumer Rights: The Attorney General of a particular state houses the division of Consumer protection and its team of consumer fraud attorneys. Complaints about misleading advertising or business practices that are unlawful can be filed and that division investigates and mediates on behalf of the consumer.

Corporate Law: A corporation is a legal entity created through the laws of its state of incorporation. Individual states have the power to disseminate laws relating to the creation, organization and dissolution of corporations. Many states follow the Model Business Corporation Act.

Criminal Law: A “crime” is any act or omission (of an act) in violation of a public law forbidding or commanding it. Though there are some common law crimes, most crimes in the United States are established by local, state, and federal governments. Criminal laws vary significantly from state to state. There is, however, a Model Penal Code which serves as a good starting place to gain an understanding of the basic structure of criminal liability.

Employment Law: Employment law is a broad area encompassing all areas of the employer relationship except the negotiation process covered by labor law and collective bargaining. Employment law consists of thousands of Federal and state statutes, administrative regulations, and judicial decisions.

Immigration Law: Federal immigration law determines whether a person is an alien, and associated legal rights, duties, and obligations of aliens in the United States. It also provides means by which certain aliens can become naturalized citizens with full rights of citizenship.

 

Pirates, Piracy and the Law

As piracy is a crime their must be in existence specific laws on the subject. Like all criminal laws the laws regarding piracy serve to define what actions or combination of action or omissions would constitute piracy. Like all laws the laws relating to piracy have a source. The Source for laws includes custom, statue and treaties. The law also provides for finality. Laws sometimes have exceptions the exception to the general law om piracy is privateering. Finally the law of piracy provides procedures for the prosecutes pirates and for the alleged pirate to defend against those charges.

Regarding the law defining piracy; Their are many laws on piracy however it is possible assemble a definition of piracy. An individual is guilty of piracy if he disposes and “carries away” or attempts to dispossess and carry away another’s vessel its cargo or passengers property on this said vessel; or be the commander or member of crew of a ship used as platform for the completed or attempted act of piracy. All the aforementioned conduct will unless the crew conducting the piratical act is acting under and according to a letter of marque or otherwise functioning as a state apparatus. Furthermore for one to be guilty of piracy the piratical act must take place in international waters which exists at least 3 miles from the coast of the mainland. The law banning piracy would not limit it self to people engaging in traditional acts of piracy; the law also classifies people knowingly helping or involving themselves with pirates as pirates themselves. The type of help or involvement classified as piracy include conspiring with the pirates, financing the pirates, procuring items to be used by pirates, holding stolen goods for them, advising them, directing from shore giving them equipment or helping them recruit etc.

Of course no discussion of piracy would be complete without discussing the legal form of piracy known as privateering. Privateering involved the state granting private merchant mariner’s licenses know as letters of marque legally entitling the licensed mariner to rob ships of an enemies and pirates. By operating under and within the scope of the letter marque an act which would nominally be classified as piracy would not be legally definable as piracy. A liscensed privateer was immune from a charge of piracy not only from the country who issued the license but from all other nations including the nation whose shipping was attacked by the privateer. Customary international law of the time demanded that other nations give a letter of marque full faith and credit and not consider its holder a pirate. Customary international law defined privateers as legal members of his countries service engaging in a legal military operation. As a member of his countries service he was immune from criminal charges for killing done in pursuit of privateering, and if captured had to be granted prisoner of war status. Not with standing its legal status, was very much like piracy. The privateers where motivated by profit. After paying the State a share of the prize they could keep the rest.

Laws and Concepts

The laws and concepts of a century underlined determine and define the operative dynamics of that century, human and societal operations with respect to life’s demands in virtually every area. In the absence of hypothetical laws and concepts, humanity is compelled to operate as blind horses without governing principles and ideologies to order her operation. In a nut-shell, laws determine human and societal operations. There are four types of laws; human, natural, Divine and social laws.

Human laws: These are principles or stipulated standards made by men to order the behavior of individuals and to determine the operative dynamics of a setup, society, nation or the world. In a setup, human laws may take the form of rules and regulations. While in a society or nation, human laws may take the form of constitutions of government, legislation or judicial opinions.

Natural laws: These are forces operating in nature defining the operative dynamics of the universe in relation to the earth’s demands. Natural laws are equally known as universal laws, e.g. the law of gravity.

Divine laws: These are absolute principles which govern existence and determine life’s flow, rendering obligatory the consequences of ’cause and effect’.

Social laws: These are principles which underline the governing operative dynamics of a century with respect to human progress and operation, societal evolutions and revolutions. Social laws determine the operative dynamics of a century, human operations, productivity, progress, and effect societal development in all domains. Principles are principal requirements for positive revolution. They are settings for life occurrences.

Concepts: These are bodies of information or ideologies capable of influencing the governing operative dynamics of a century, human progress, societal evolution and revolution.

Negative concepts: These are humanistic ideologies and notions based on selfishness and inhumanity. Individuals and societies which propagate negative concepts are those characterized either by undemocratic, autocratic political systems or religious and sectarian extremism. Examples of some negative concepts are terrorism, communism, Nazism, anti-Semitism, ethnic cleansing, etc. Negative concepts have never contributed to advance the cause of human dignity and civilization. They have inspired inhumanity, violence and all forms of human degradation.

Positive concepts: These are quality and positively inspired information or ideologies capable of enhancing human character, value, operation, productivity and effecting societal evolution and revolution. Positive concepts are products of mental illumination and regeneration. Great civilizations owe their breakthroughs to positive concepts which were products of illuminated and regenerated minds.

Subsidiary Laws

 I can’t tell you in detail here (that would take way too long) but I can summarize them for you and hopefully get you excited about something that has not only helped me, but countless others such as:

  1. The Law of Thinking – “As a man thinketh, so he is”. We all have in effect two levels of thoughts: conscious thought and a constant stream of sub-conscious thought. This Law helps you understand how to program your unconscious thoughts so they will reach out to the universe to find ways to achieve your goals. Likewise this Law will help you not to fear every negative thought that may pass your conscious mind.
  2. The Law of Supply – Sometimes know as the Law of Demand, this Law is the act of expressing our wants and desires whether this be food, money, etc. Some people confuse this with Greed. Is it greed for the seed in the soil to want more and more sunlight, water and food? Of course not, nor should it be for you to desire more in your life either.
  3. The Law of Receiving – Learning this Law is understanding that when you Attract the things you want to you – other things will come as well. These “surprises” might be things, materials, events, people etc. that will help fulfill what it is you’re trying to Attract. Understanding this Law will help you recognize work in harmony with the other Laws to satisfy your desired results.
  4. The Law of Increase – This Law can be summarized as, “giving more will allow you to receive more”. It is commonly understood that if you invest wisely and judiciously – the more you will get back out of your investment. This is true whether it’s business, your personal relationships or whatever. Give more, get more.
  5. The Law of Compensation – Bob Proctor describes the Law like this, “What you are getting is a result of the effort you are putting out there.” This Law helps us understand we simply can’t go through the motions and do the bare minimum and expect to realize our dreams or desires.
  6. The Law of Non-Resistance – If you resist for (the sake of your) security, you will never have security. Just as fighting for Peace does not create Peace. The only way not to have conflict is to “go with the flow”. This does not mean give up, it means don’t struggle. You must be willing to change and go outside your comfort zone if you wish to achieve. If you resist change and struggle against it – you’ll only hold yourself back and all the things the universe is trying to get to you.
  7. The Law of Forgiveness – When times are tough, it’s easy to blame others. When the chips are really down, it’s even easier to blame ourselves. Any attitude that takes away your vitality and energy never serves, it can only take away from you. Learn to forgive, let go and take action to correct such situations. Learn from them so they don’t happen again. This is the only true way to move forward.